The prints of the time and the documents found in the historical archives of the naval museum of Barcelona allowed the reconstruction of the plans of a ship that, for its lines, takes its stand between the medieval merchant ship and the galleon, which can be classified for the particular structures of the forecastle and of the quarter deck among the carracks.
We wanted to call it “ATLANTIC CARRACK” to indicate a ship suitable for the oceanic navigation. Probably around 1519, it took part in an important expedition, which led Fernando Cortez to conquer Mexico.
The outer galleries, one of which is a balcony, the apartments under the small quarterdeck, the superstructures of the decks providing the installation of awnings to protect from the sun, clearly indicate that these ships were employed for the transport of passengers of high rank. Besides, we have reason to think that the two large platforms of the foredeck were studied more to dispose of an observation post than to get a real profit for the navigation. Characteristics are the escutcheons at prow, painted with bright colors and having merely a decorative function.